Ratna Sagar Geography Solutions for Class 6 Social science Chapter 9 (2022)

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Ratna Sagar Geography Solutions Solutions for Class 6 Social science Chapter 9 India Climatic Conditions are provided here with simple step-by-step explanations. These solutions for India Climatic Conditions are extremely popular among Class 6 students for Social science India Climatic Conditions Solutions come handy for quickly completing your homework and preparing for exams. All questions and answers from the Ratna Sagar Geography Solutions Book of Class 6 Social science Chapter 9 are provided here for you for free. You will also love the ad-free experience on Meritnation’s Ratna Sagar Geography Solutions Solutions. All Ratna Sagar Geography Solutions Solutions for class Class 6 Social science are prepared by experts and are 100% accurate.

Page No 98:

Question A.1:

Which one of the following cities enjoys equable climate?

a. Chandigarh
b. Jammu
c. Bhopal
d. Kochi

Answer:

The correct answer is option (d).

Explanation: Water bodies exert a moderating influence on the climate of the places that are near them. Kochi lies in the southwest coast; therefore, it experiences equable climate.

Page No 98:

Question A.2:

Which one of the following cities enjoys extreme type of climate?

a. Chennai
b. Lucknow
c. Panaji
d. Thiruvananthapuram

Answer:

The correct answer is option (b).

Explanation:Coastal areas experience equable climate because of the presence of water bodies around the peninsula. The interior parts of the country experience extreme climate.Lucknow, which is situated in the interior of India, witnesses extreme climatic conditions.

Page No 98:

Question A.3:

Chennai receives most of the rainfall during the ________ season.

a. Summer
b. Monsoon
c. winter
d. retreating monsoon

Answer:

The correct answer is option (d).

Explanation: FromSeptember to November, monsoon winds start retreating. Thus, the weather becomes extreme and is characterised by high heat and humidity. The cyclones arising in the Bay of Bengal cause rainfall in theCoromandelCoast of Tamil Nadu. Hence, Chennai receives most of its rainfall during the retreating monsoon.

Page No 98:

Question A.4:

Mango showers are experienced in

a. Uttar Pradesh
b. Bihar
c. Karnataka
d. Assam

Answer:

The correct answer is option (c).

Explanation: Pre-monsoon showers are experienced during the end of the summer season. In Kerala and Karnataka, they cause the early ripening of mangoes. Hence, these showers are referred to as mango showers.

(Video) 6th Std SST Notes| Geography-9|India-Climatic Conditions|Class 6 Social Studies|Ratna Sagar Social

Page No 98:

Question A.5:

Pre-monsoon showers are called kalbaisakhi in

a. West Bengal
b. Tamil Nadu
c. Madhya Pradesh
d. Karnataka

Answer:

The correct answer is option (a).

Explanation: In West Bengal, the pre-monsoon showers are characterised by strong winds and heavy rainfall. These are experienced with the approach of the summer season and are called kalbaisakhi.

Page No 98:

Question A.6:

The rainy season in many parts of India is from

a. May to July
b. April to August
c. June to September
d. July to November

Answer:

The correct answer is option (c).

Explanation:Monsoon in India starts from June; the whole country experiences the weather within a few weeks. It continues till the month of September. The time period varies depending on the location of a place.

Page No 98:

Question A.7:

What is the average annual rainfall in our country?

a. 10 cm
b. 120 cm
c. 140 cm
d. 800 cm

Answer:

The correct answer is option (b).

Explanation: The distribution of rainfall depends upon a variety of factors like relief features, direction of winds and distance from a sea. The average annual rainfall in India, i.e. 120 cm, is the highest in the world.

Page No 98:

Question A.8:

The world's highest annual rainfall is recorded in

a. Mawsynram
b. Jaisalmer
c. Mumbai
d. Kanniyakumari

Answer:

The correct answer is option (a).

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Explanation: The distribution of rainfall varies from one place to another. Mawsynram near Cherrapunji in Meghalaya has recorded the highest annual rainfall of 1142 cm.

Page No 98:

Question B:

1. ___________ and ____________ are two important elements of climate.
2. ___________ and ____________ are the coldest months in many parts of India.
3. Rainfall in India gradually decreases from _________ to ___________.
4. The monsoon start retreating from the month of ____________.

Answer:

1.

Temperature

and

rainfall

are two important elements of climate.

Explanation: The two elements of climate are temperature and rainfall. There is a considerable variation in both the elements not only from one place to another but also from one season to another.

2.

January

and

February

are the coldest months in many parts of India.

Explanation: During the cold weather season, most parts of the country witness a drop in temperature. January and February are the coldest months in most parts of the country. At some places, temperature goes below 0oC.

3.​Rainfall in India gradually decreases from

south to north

and

east to west

.

Explanation: The distribution of rainfall depends on a range of factors. India receives most of its rainfall from the southwest monsoon winds. But the amount of rainfall decreases as we move from south to north and from east to west. Also, reduction in rainfall is seen when we go from coastal areas to the interiors of the country.

4.​The monsoon starts retreating from the month of

mid-September.

Explanation: The monsoon winds start retreating from mid-September and continues till the month of November. The process is very slow. It causes rainfall in the Coromandel Coast of Tamil Nadu and some other areas.

Page No 99:

Question C:

1. India experiences topical monsoon type of climate. __________
2. The coastal areas experience extreme climate. ______________
3. During the winter season the temperature decreases from north to south. ________
4. In the summer season, loo blows over the coastal plains. __________
5. The cyclones are experienced during the south-west monsoon season. ________

Answer:

1. The given statement is true.

Explanation: India experiences tropical monsoon type of climate. It has distinct hot and cold weather seasons. The monsoon season starts roughly from May.

2.​The statement is false.


Explanation: Coastal areas experience moderate climate because of the presence of water bodies, but the interior parts of the country experience extreme climatic conditions.

3.​The statement is false.

Explanation: During the cold weather season, the Northern Plains have a very low temperature. But at the same time, south India has equable climate. So, the temperature decreases from south to north.

4.​The statement is false.

Explanation: Loois a hot, dust-laden wind that blows over the Northern Plains. It is a very dry wind; hence, it does not bring any rainfall.

5.​The statement is false.

Explanation:From September to November, monsoon winds start retreating. Thus, the weather becomes extreme with high heat and humidity. The cyclones arising from the Bay of Bengal cause rainfall in the Coromandel Coast of Tamil Nadu.

Page No 99:

Question D:

Column AColumn B
1.Winter seasona.South-west monsoon
2.Summer Seasonb.Bay of Bengal
3.Rainy Seasonc.North-east monsoon
4.Cyclonesd.Season
5.Mausime.Dust storms

Answer:

The correct match is given as under:

Column AColumn B
Winter seasonNortheast monsoon
Summer seasonDust storms
Rainy seasonSouthwest monsoon
CyclonesBay of Bengal
MausimSeason

Explanation:

1. In the month of September, monsoon winds start retreating from the northeast direction. Hence, they are termed as northeast monsoon winds.

2. In the summer season, the north Indian lands witness hot and dusty winds. These are termed as loo. They cause dust storms, which are experienced at least once in the daytime.

3. India receives most of its rainfall from the southwest monsoon. It has two branches: the one originating from the Arabian Sea and the other originating from the Bay of Bengal.

4. From September to November, monsoon winds start retreating. Thus, the weather becomes extreme with high heat. The cyclones rising in the Bay of Bengal cause rainfall in the Coromandel Coast of Tamil Nadu.

5. The term 'monsoon' is derived from the Arabic term 'mausim,' which implies season. India experiences the monsoon type of climate.

(Video) 6th Social Notes|Geography-6|The Major Landforms on the Earth|Ratna Sagar Social Science Notes | SST

Page No 99:

Question E:

1. Cycle of seasons
2. Cold weather season
3. Hot weather season
4. Mango showers
5. Retreating monsoon
6. Variation in rainfall

Answer:

1. Temperature variance, rainfall distribution and monsoon winds cause four different season cycles in India.The names of the main seasons in India are as follows:

  • Cold weather season - Mid-November to mid-March
  • Hot weather season - Mid-March to May end
  • Southwest monsoon season - June to September
  • Retreating monsoon season - October to mid-November

2. The cold weather season lasts from November to March. During this period, most parts of the country experience a very low temperature. This temperature decreases as we move from south to north. January and February are the coldest months of the year.

3. The hot weather season lasts from April to May. The temperature remains high throughout the country. The Northern Plains witness hot and dusty winds, which cause dust storms.

4. Towards the end of the hot weather season and before the onset of the monsoon season, few parts of the country receive pre-monsoon showers. These pre-monsoon showers in Kerala and Karnataka cause the early ripening of mangoes. Hence, these showers are referred to as mango showers.

5.The monsoon winds start retreating from mid-September and continues till November. The process is very slow. It causes rainfall in the Coromandel Coast of Tamil Nadu and some other areas.​ During this period, the hot, wet season changes to the cold, dry season.

6. The distribution of rainfall is not uniform. It varies not only from one place to another but also from season to season. Most of the rainfall received is from the southwest monsoon.But the amount of the rainfall decreases as we move from south to north and from east to west. Also, decrease in rainfall is seen when we go from coastal areas to the interiors of the country.

Page No 99:

Question F:

1. Where do the winter cyclones originate?
2. What is loo?
3. Name the branches of the south-west monsoon winds.
4. During which season do cyclones develop in the Bay of Bengal?
5. Name the wettest place in India.

Answer:

1. The winter cyclones originate in the Mediterranean Sea; they cause mild rainfall in the Northern Plains and snowfall in the Himalayas.

2. Loo are the hot and dust-laden winds that blow in north India. They mostly originate in the state of Rajasthan. These winds are dry; hence, they do not cause any rainfall.

3. The branches of southwest monsoon winds are as follows:

  • The Bay of Bengal branch
  • The Arabian Sea branch

4. During the retreating season, cyclones originate in the Bay of Bengal; these cyclones create a great havoc and cause loss of life and property in coastal areas.

5. The wettest place in India is Mawsynram. It is located in Meghalayanear Cherrapunji. The place has recorded the highest annual rainfall of 1142 cm.

Page No 99:

Question G:

1. Name the main season in India and their duration in the year.
2. What do you know about the general temperature conditions during the cold weather season?
3. What is the weather condition in the northern plains during the hot weather season?
4. How is monsoon season different from the retreating monsoon season?

Answer:

1. The names of the main seasons in India are as follows:
i) Cold weather season - Mid-November to mid-March
ii) Hot weather season - Mid-March to May end
iii) Southwest monsoon season - June to September
iv) Retreating monsoon season - October to mid-November

2. During the winter season, temperature remains low throughout the country. This temperature is very low in the northern region and increases as we go towards the south. January and February witness the lowest temperature during this season. Also, the mountains of the north experience heavy snowfall.

3. The weather of the Northern Plains during the hot weather season is mostly dry and hot. The hot and dust-laden winds called looblow in the Northern Plains. Towards the end of the season, few places receive pre-monsoon showers.

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4. The monsoon season is hot and wet and extends from June to September. The retreating monsoon season is cold and dry and extends from the middle of September to November. Only few parts of the country receive rainfall in the retreating monsoon season; the monsoon season, on the other hand, brings rainfall to most parts of the country.

Page No 99:

Question H.1:

What are the main factors affecting the climate of India?

Answer:

The main factors that affect the climate of India are as follows:

1. Location: India is divided into almost two equal halves by the Tropic of Cancer. Hence, half part is tropical, while other half experiences subtropical climate. The Himalayasprotect India from cold Siberian winds and is one of the reasons behind the rainfall here.
2. Relief: During summers, most of the country experiences high temperatures except the Himalayas, which experience a relatively low temperature. Also, the places that are near the sea experience moderate climate both in summers and winters.
3. Distance from the sea:The coastal areas experience moderate climate because of the presence of water bodies, but the interior parts of the country experience extreme climatic conditions.

Page No 99:

Question H.2:

How do the Himalayas influence the climate of India?

Answer:

The Himalayas have a considerable influence on the climate of the Indian subcontinent. On one hand, they protect the Indian mainland from the chilly winds of Siberia. Had they not been there, the Indian lands would have been frozen and covered with snow throughout the year. The Himalayas also act as a barrier to the monsoon winds coming from seas. Hence, they are an important cause of rainfall in India. They help in maintaining both the elements of climate, i.e. temperature and rainfall.

Page No 99:

Question H.3:

Describe the monsoon winds.

Answer:

Monsoon winds are moisture-laden winds originating from a sea and moving towards the Indian peninsula. India experiences most of its rain from the southwest monsoon winds. They are divided by the Indian peninsula into two parts: the one that originates from the Arabian Sea and the other that originates from the Bay of Bengal. They bring a huge amount of moisture with them, which causes rainfall in most parts of the country. They are very irregular and erratic and causes floods and drought at two places at the same time.

Page No 99:

Question H.4:

Describe the general distribution of rainfall in India.

Answer:

Rainfall is not evenly distributed across the Indian subcontinent. The fact that one part of the country experiences floods while the other experiences droughts proves unequal rainfall distribution across the country. The average annual rainfall is 120 cm. But the distribution depends on factors like relief features, direction of moisture-laden winds and the location of a place and its distance from the sea. Meghalaya receives more than 800 cm of annual rainfall, while some parts of Rajasthanreceive only 10 cm of annual rainfall.

Page No 99:

Question H.5:

Why do some parts of India experience floods and droughts at the same time?

Answer:

The distribution of rainfall is highly uneven in India. Meghalaya receives 800 cm of annual rainfall and Rajasthan receives 10 cm of annual rainfall. There are several reasons for the same. For example,Rajasthanhas high temperature with low humidity, so the monsoon winds are not seen here in this season; this ultimatelyleads to droughts here. On the other hand, the northeastern states witness high humidity due to dense forests. So, they receive more rainfall. This is the reason some parts of India experience floods and droughts at the same time.

Page No 99:

Question H.6:

Why do the coastal areas of Tamil Nadu get rainfall during the winter season?

Answer:

Though most of the country gets rainfall during summers, the coastal areas of Tamil Nadu receive rainfall during winters. This is because of the retreating monsoon, which extends from the middle of September to the middle of November. During this period, cyclones originate in the Bay of Bengal, which make the weather oppressive, causing high humidity. These cyclones hit the Tamil Nadu coast after picking moisture from the Indian Ocean and cause rainfall.

Page No 99:

Question H.7:

Why do the coastal areas enjoy equable climate?

Answer:

Winds move from a high-pressure region to a low-pressure zone. During summers, high pressure develops over the coastal lands, so the cold winds move from the sea to the land, reducing the temperature of the region. The reverse happens in winters when high pressure develops over the sea. This way an equable temperature is maintained in the coastal areas in which sea breeze plays a very important role.

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FAQs

How are mountains useful to us Class 6 by Ratna Sagar? ›

Answer: Mountains are useful to us in the following ways: They cause winds to rise, causing the condensation of moisture.

What is a map answer Class 6? ›

A map is a sort of a plot or a guide that is used for direction. A map is used to predict and figure out where things are located. It helps us to understand the complications of our large-sized Earth in an easy way.

What was the importance of Arikamedu Class 6? ›

Explanation: Arikamedu, located near Puducherry, was an important coastal and port town in ancient India. As a coastal town, Arikamedu served as the focal point for trading with the Roman empire. It exported textiles, beads, precious stones, imported wine and olive oil from Rome.

In which months Most of India receives rainfall 1 a January February C June July B April May D October? ›

Most parts of the country receive rainfall from June to September, but some parts like the Tamil Nadu coast get most of their rain during October and November.

How are mountains useful to us? ›

Mountains provide water for agriculture, food, hydroelectricity, shelter, fresh water, and other uses. Explanation: The mountains' snow and glaciers provide water to rivers and lakes. The water is utilized for agriculture, electrical generating, drinking, and food preparation, among other things.

What is the difference between a mountain and a plateau? ›

Definition: A mountain is a natural elevation of the earth's surface rising generally to a considerable height, and often forming a distinct peak. A plateau, on the other hand, is a large, relatively flat area of land.

What are 3 uses of maps? ›

Following are the three uses of map.
  • Helps people get their destinations successfully.
  • Used in knowing the boundaries of the land.
  • Used in the navigation of aircraft.

What is a scale Class 6? ›

Scale is the ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map. Scale is very important on any map. If you know the scale, you will be able to calculate the distance between any two places on a map.

What is the language of a map? ›

The symbols, signs, location, geographical settings are called as the language of a map. Explanation: The symbols, signs used in the map to describe the different locations, different geographical settings are known as the language of the map.

What is the capital of Arikamedu? ›

Pondicherry

Who lived in the villages? ›

Answer. Farmers lived in the village and villagers.

What special do you find about Arikamedu? ›

Arikamedu (located in today's Pondicherry) was a coastal settlement in ancient India (between 2200 and 1900 years ago) where ships unloaded various types of goods from distant lands. A massive brick structure similar to the warehouse was found here. Pottery from the Mediterranean region was also found here.

Which place receive the highest rainfall in the world? ›

Mawsynram is a place that receives the highest average rainfall in the world. This place is located in Meghalaya. It receives the majority of its rainfall from the Bay of Bengal branch of the Indian monsoon.

Which month receives the maximum rainfall in India? ›

In India , the maximum amount of rainfall is received from the South West Monsoon winds during the period of June to September.

What is the average temperature in Ooty? ›

Best Season to Visit Ooty
Travel SeasonsMin/Max TemperatureSeason
October - February5-22°CCold and windy
March - May15-30°CPleasant
June - September12-25°CHeavy rainfall

Who are mountain useful to man? ›

(d) Mountains are useful to man in various ways: Mountains are a storehouse of water. Water from the mountains is also used for irrigation and generation of hydro-electricity. The river valleys and terraces are ideal for the cultivation of crops.

Is mountain a thing or place? ›

A mountain is a place.

A mountain differentiates from a plateau which is having a restricted area of peak and is greater than any hill, which is typically upholding at least 300 meters above the adjoining land.

Where glaciers are found? ›

Most of the world's glaciers exist in the polar regions, in areas like Greenland, the Canadian Arctic, and Antarctica. Glaciers also can be found closer to the Equator in some mountain regions. The Andes Mountain range in South America contains some of the world's largest tropical glaciers.

What is the another name of plateau? ›

plateaus or plateaux), also called a high plain or a tableland, is an area of a highland consisting of flat terrain that is raised sharply above the surrounding area on at least one side.

What are the three plateaus? ›

'The Chotanagpur Plateau', 'the Deccan Plateau' and 'the Meghalaya Plateau' are three plateaus in India.

Why are plateaus flat on top? ›

Soft rock often erodes away on the top of a plateau. Many plateaus are therefore topped with a hard, durable surface called caprock. Caprock protects the plateau from erosion of the soil underneath it. Valleys form when river water cuts through the plateau.

Why is a map important? ›

Maps present information about the world in a simple, visual way. They teach about the world by showing sizes and shapes of countries, locations of features, and distances between places.

What is map () in Javascript? ›

Definition and Usage. map() creates a new array from calling a function for every array element. map() calls a function once for each element in an array. map() does not execute the function for empty elements. map() does not change the original array.

What are the types of map? ›

According to the ICSM (Intergovernmental Committee on Surveying and Mapping), there are five different types of maps: General Reference, Topographical, Thematic, Navigation Charts and Cadastral Maps and Plans.

What is the SI unit of length? ›

The meter, symbol m, is the SI unit of length. It is defined by taking the fixed numerical value of the speed of light in vacuum c to be 299 792 458 when expressed in the unit m s-1, where the second is defined in terms of ΔνCs. The kilogram, symbol kg, is the SI unit of mass.

What are the 3 types of scales on a map? ›

Generally, scale is a form of size. Map or cartographic scale is the ratio of a distance on Earth compared to the same distance on a map. There are three types of scales commonly used on maps: written or verbal scale, a graphic scale, or a fractional scale.

What is SI unit of length Class 6? ›

The SI unit of length is a metre.

What are the 7 elements of a map? ›

Map Elements. Most maps contain the same common elements: main body, legend, title, scale and orientation indicators, inset map, and source notes. Not all are necessary or appropriate for every map, but all appear frequently enough that they're worth covering.

What is the oldest dead language? ›

The archaeological proof we have today allows us to state that the oldest dead language in the world is the Sumerian language. Dating back to at least 3500 BC, the oldest proof of written Sumerian was found in today's Iraq, on an artifact known as the Kish Tablet.

What countries speaks English? ›

English Speaking Countries 2022
CountryIs Primary?De facto?
United KingdomYesYes
United StatesYesYes
VanuatuNoNo
ZambiaNo (Bemba)No
52 more rows

Why is Arikamedu important? ›

Arikamedu was an Indo-Roman trading city and one of the earliest known Indo-Pacific bead making centres. The site was mentioned in the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea an anonymous Greco-Roman text of the 1st century CE which described the known coastal landmarks and ports of the Indian Subcontinent's coastline.

Who founded Arikamedu? ›

Arikamedu was first excavated in the 1940s and since then various excavations have been carried out. Of all the attempts, Sir Mortimer Wheeler's establishment was the most favourable.

What is the present name of Arikamedu? ›

Arikamedu is now an archaelogical site which is present few miles south of the southeastern Indian city of Pondicherry, at present situated in Kakkayanthope. Explanation: To date, it is the earliest known Indo-Pacific bead making site. The name Arikamedu is the archaeological term for the site.

What was a town or a large village called at age of Sangam? ›

Villages were known as Urs during the Sangam age.

Who was Grihapati Class 6? ›

Grihapati: The independent farmers were called the grihapati. They were usually small landowners. Dasa karmakara: The landless men and women were called the dasa karmakara. They worked in other farmer's fields.

What was the town of a large village called at the age of Sangam? ›

1 Answer. The correct answer is Vellalar. According to the early Tamil Literature (Sangam Texts), the large landowners living in the villages are called Vellalar. Ordinary ploughmen were known as Uzhavar.

What were the different objects found at Arikamedu? ›

Arikamedu was re-discovered in 1937 by Gabriel Jouveau-Dubreuil who collected surface-finds antiquities, such as an oval intaglio with the bust of the Roman emperor Augustus, amphorae sherds, glass objects, beads, etc.

Is Arikamedu worth visiting? ›

Sitting in between the green pastoral hamlets of Tamil Nadu, Arikamedu does not attract much tourism and thus is an ideal place if you love to explore old, architectural sites. There is not much to see except taking in the vintage ambience of the past and take back home some memories captured by your camera.

What is meant by Arikamedu? ›

Arikamedu, an abandoned city of South India and a flourishing Indo Roman trade centre during the 1st century BC is located about 7 Km south of Pondicherry on the bank of Ariyankuppam River.

Which country rains a lot? ›

The wettest country on Earth is Colombia. Colombia has the world's highest precipitation rate, estimated at 3,240 millimeters per year (127 inches). Due to frequent and intense rainfall, several portions of the state are permanently flooded.

Which city has most rain in India? ›

"Mawsynram is at present the wettest place in India, with an average annual rainfall of 11802.4 mm (average of the 1974-2022 period). Cherrapunji receives 11359.4 mm of rainfall in a year (average of the 1971-2020 period)," Das said.

What is the most rain to fall in 24 hours? ›

The biggest rainfall in a day occurred with the passage of Cyclone Denise in Foc-Foc, La Réunion, an island in the southern Indian Ocean. Some 1.825 meters (71.8 inches) of rain fell over 24 hours, from January 7 to 8, 1966.

Which is the hottest place in India? ›

Titlagarh, Odisha

Situated in the state of Odisha, Titlagarh is the hottest place in India especially during summer seasons.

How long is monsoon season in Thailand? ›

The rainy or 'monsoon' season in Thailand occurs between July and October. The rains in the first few months are heavy but inconsistent (lasting just a few hours), whereas towards the end they become more persistent. The best time to visit is during the hot season, which lasts from March to June.

Which is the coldest place in India in summer? ›

Here is the list of 13 Coldest Places in India You Must Experience
  • Dras - The Coldest Place in India. ...
  • Kargil, Jammu & Kashmir. ...
  • Leh Ladakh - One of the Lowest Summer Temperature in India. ...
  • North Sikkim. ...
  • Spiti Valley, Himachal Pradesh. ...
  • Munsiyari, Uttarakhand. ...
  • Amarnath, Jammu & Kashmir - A haven for pilgrims.

Is Ooty good in July? ›

Is July the right time to visit Ooty in Tamil Nadu? Yes, July is a pleasant month with sunshine and a few drizzling in Ooty. It is also the best time to visit tourist attractions places to visit in Ooty in July.

Is Ooty cold in May? ›

Ooty in Summer (March – June)

With the average temperature ranging around 25°C, days can be a little hot though, especially during the afternoon. But at other times, the heat is bearable. The occasional rains also sweep away some heat to keep Ooty enjoyable.

Does Ooty have snow? ›

Expect mercury to fluctuate between 5°C and 23°C. Being a hill station, Ooty experiences extreme cold; however, it never snows here.

How are block mountains formed for Class 6? ›

Block Mountains are formed when two tectonic plates move away from each other causing cracks on the surface of the Earth. When parallel cracks or faults occur, the strip of land or the block of land between them may be raised resulting in the formation of block mountains. The upward block is called a horst.

How are the landforms made Class 6? ›

The rivers flow down the slopes of mountains and erode them. They carry forward the eroded material. Then they deposit their load consisting of stones, sand and silt along their courses and in their valleys. It is from these deposits that plains are formed.

How are flood plains formed Class 7 Geography? ›

Flood plains are formed in the following manners:

During rains rivers overflow their banks. This leads to the flooding of the nearby areas. After the flood has receded, a layer of fine material and other material is deposited over the plain in the form of sediments. This leads to the formation of the flood plain.

What is called plain? ›

A plain is a broad area of relatively flat land. Plains are one of the major landforms, or types of land, on Earth. They cover more than one-third of the world's land area. Plains exist on every continent. Grasslands.

Which type of mountain is? ›

There are five main types of mountains: volcanic, fold, plateau, fault-block and dome. A more detailed classification useful on a local scale predates plate tectonics and adds to these categories.

How do mountains store house of water? ›

The mountains are a storehouse of water. Many rivers have their source in the glaciers in the mountains. Reservoirs are made and the water is harnessed for the use of people. Water from the Mountains is also used for irrigation and generation of hydro-electricity.

How Rift Valley is formed? ›

A rift valley is a lowland region that forms where Earth's tectonic plates move apart, or rift. Rift valleys are found both on land and at the bottom of the ocean, where they are created by the process of seafloor spreading.

What are 2 major landforms? ›

Mountains, hills, plateaus, and plains are the four major types of landforms.

How are mountains useful to 5 points? ›

(d) Mountains are useful to man in various ways: Mountains are a storehouse of water. Water from the mountains is also used for irrigation and generation of hydro-electricity. The river valleys and terraces are ideal for the cultivation of crops.

What is the most famous landform? ›

The Grand Canyon. Visitors from all over the world come to visit this gorgeous canyon placed in the northwestern part of Arizona every year. Of course, we had to start the list off with possibly the most famous landform in the entire world.

How are flood plain sand dunes and beaches formed? ›

flat fertile flood plains. (v) Sand dunes are low hill-like structures formed by the deposition of sand in the deserts. (vi) Beaches are formed when the sea waves deposit sediments along the shores of the sea. (vii) When the meander loop is cut off from the main river, it forms a cut-off lake.

Why flood plains are very fertile give two reasons? ›

Answer: Flood plains are very fertile because at times when river water overflows, it results in the flooding of the neighbouring areas. This deposits a layer of fine soil and other sediments at the banks of the river, which leads to fertile flood plains. (iii) Sea caves are turned into stacks.

What is erosion very short answer? ›

Erosion is the geological process in which earthen materials are worn away and transported by natural forces such as wind or water. A similar process, weathering, breaks down or dissolves rock, but does not involve movement.

What are the 3 types of plains? ›

On the basis of their mode of formation, plains can be classified into structural plains, erosional plains and depositional plains.

How long is a mountain? ›

Most geologists classify a mountain as a landform that rises at least 1,000 feet (300 meters) or more above its surrounding area.

What does plain mean for a girl? ›

adjective. If you describe someone as plain, you think they look ordinary and not at all beautiful. ... a shy, rather plain girl with a pale complexion. Synonyms: ugly, ordinary, unattractive, homely [US, Canadian] More Synonyms of plain.

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